Sustainable Development Goals
The 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development titled “Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development” adopted at the United Nations Sustainable Development Summit on 25 September 2015 as part of the 70thanniversary session of the General Assembly of the United Nations.
World leaders committed themselves in implementing the seventeen global goals in order to shift the world onto a sustainable and resilient path.
“The Agenda 2030 is a promise by leaders to all people everywhere. It is a universal, integrated and transformative vision for a better world”, former Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon said.
The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) replaced the Millennium Development Goals which had guided development cooperation work from 2000 to 2015 and were aimed primarily at solving social issues in developing countries, while the new Sustainable Development Goals will spread all over the world. These goals imply interconnection of major sustainable development pillars – economic growth, social inclusion and environmental protection.
The Sustainable Development Goals became the result of intensive consultation that involved the 193 UN Member States. It is also the result of engagement with civil society and other stakeholders around the world. The Global Compact Local Networks, including Russia took an active part in this consultation process as well.
As a result, a group of experts made a list of 17 Sustainable Development Goalswith169 associated targets (Millennium Development Goals implied 21 targets).
“Seventeen sustainable development goals are our guide. They are a to-do list for people and planet, and a blueprint for success” as stated in the document. “Now we must use the goals to transform the world. We will do that through partnership and through commitment. We must leave no-one behind.”
The Secretary-General named the event historical and stressed that the new Sustainable Development Agenda requires global solidarity.
Earlier, during the events held under the auspices of the United Nations, it was repeatedly emphasized that the important role in implementing and achieving the Sustainable Development Goals belongs to business collaborating with such initiatives as the United Nations Global Compact and other international platforms and programs aimed at promotion of corporate responsibility and sustainable development.
Millennium Development Goals
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) are eight international development goals that were established following the Millennium Summit of the United Nations in 2000, following the adoption of the United Nations Millennium Declaration.
All 189 United Nations member states at the time (there are 193 currently), and at least 23 international organizations, committed to help achieve the following Millennium Development Goals by 2015:
Each goal had specific targets, and dates for achieving those targets.